Scientific papers published / submitted to peer-review

Gonzato, S., Bruninx, K., Delarue, E. (2021). Long term storage in generation expansion planning models with a reduced temporal scope. Applied Energy, 298, Art.No. 117168, 1-15. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117168 Pre-print ( PDF)

Ihlemann, M., Kouveliotis-Lysikatos, I., Huang, J., Dillon, J., O’Dwyer, C., Rasku, T., Marin, M., Poncelet, K., Kiviluoma, J. (September 2021). SpineOpt: A flexible open-source energy system modelling framework. Under review. Pre-print ( PDF)

Ihlemann, M., van Stiphout, A., Poncelet, K., Delarue, E. Benefits Of Regional Coordination Of Balancing Capacity Markets In Future European Electricity Markets. Under review. ( PDF)

Kiviluoma, J. Pallonetto, F., Marin, M., Savolainen, P., Soininen, A., Vennström, P., Rinne, E. …Dillon, J. Spine Toolbox: A flexible open-source workflow management system with scenario and data management. Under review. ( PDF)

Kouveliotis-Lysikatos, I., Waernlund, A., Marin, M., Amelin, M., & Söder, L. (2021). Open Source Modelling and Simulation of the Nordic Hydro Power System. Energies, 14(5), 1425. Open access, available at:

Olauson, J., Marin, M. and Söder, L. 2020. Creating Power System Network Layouts: A Fast Parallel Algorithm. IEEE Systems Journal, 14 (3): 3687-3694, doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2019.2959632. ( PDF)


Project deliverables

Deliverable D2.1 - Software Design Document

This deliverable presents a high-level software design for Spine Toolbox and for the various tools it supports. It contains the system overview, application use cases, functional and non-functional requirements, chosen implementation language(s), dependencies, versioning, application validation requirements, testing and security requirements, and notes on the enforced coding style. The last two chapters; system architecture and the Spine data structure, will be updated as plans for the design become more evolved during the project and the implementation.

D2.1 Software Design Document

Deliverable D3.1 - The Spine Model and its documentation

The purpose of Deliverable D3.1 is to give an all-encompassing documentation of the Spine Model. During the project, the name “SpineOpt.jl” was adopted to reflect the Julia package naming convention. This document describes SpineOpt and all its capabilities implemented during the project and applied to the case studies. In line with the ambition to provide open-source and easily accessible software, the documentation of SpineOpt is hosted online and open-source on github. The link to the latest version of the documentation is The link to the latest version of SpineOpt itself is For the sake of completeness, the online documentation is attached to the document linked here (accessed: 2021-04-30).

D3.1 The Spine Model and its documentation

Deliverable 4.1 - Specification for data acquisition and conversion tools

This document presents the needs and high-level design for data acquisition and conversion for the Spine Toolbox. The deliverable gives a general overview of importing data from external sources to a Spine Toolbox project as well as performing conversions and quality control of the data. The process of selecting data from different sources to create a final dataset (or datasets) for modelling or simulation is not covered, as it is a core functionality of the Spine Toolbox itself. This first version of the document is intended as a basic description of how data acquisition and conversion tools are to be created and documented. Also metadata requirements are defined. An updated version will be published after the project’s second year, and it will incorporate further details of the Toolbox.

D4.1 Specification for data acquisition and conversion tools

Deliverable 5.1 - Description of data sources

The purpose of this deliverable is to describe, in as much detail as is possible at this stage, the data sources to be used for the case studies to be conducted in the Spine project. In particular, the document presents key sources of data on European energy systems relevant to the Spine project.

D5.1 Description of data sources
D5.2 Data management plan

Deliverable D6.1 - Summary of the case studies

This document summarizes the findings of the case studies in the Spine project. The document has three main sections, one per case study group (A, B, and C). Each section has one subsection per case study, with the following three paragraphs: description, implementation, and validation. Document will be updated as the case studies are finished.

D6.1 Summary of the case studies
D6.2 Policy implications of case studies on different aspects of energy system integration
D6.3 Summary of the case studies

Deliverable D71.-7.3 - Communication

The purpose of the WP7 is to communicate and receive feedback from experts and stakeholders in the development process as well as to disseminate and communicate Spine case study results. Engagement with relevant stakeholders, including the external experts for the case studies, is a key part of the WP. It will help the project to more accurately and reliably represent a wide variety of different energy related processes. In addition, WP7 aims to decrease barriers of entry so that more stakeholders will start using and developing Spine Toolbox and Spine Model. The work package will also be responsible for the open sourcing the tools in practice.

D7.1 Communication plan
D7.2 Communication toolkit
D7.3 Open sourcing and training
D7.5 Report on communication and workshops
D7.6 Governing rules for the non-profit that will oversee Spine development after the project
D7.7 Contribution guidelines for future development of Spine Toolbox
D7.8 Development roadmap to guide development after the project




Spine Newsletter 2/2020

 Spine Newsletter 1/2019