VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd is a state owned and controlled non-profit limited liability company established by law and operating under the ownership steering of the Finnish Ministry of Employment and the Economy. VTT’s activities are focused on three areas: Knowledge intensive products and services, Smart industry and energy systems, and Solutions for natural resources and environment. VTT is impact-driven and from its wide multitechnological knowledge base, VTT can combine different technologies, produce information, upgrade technology knowledge, and create business intelligence and value added for its stakeholders.

University College Dublin (UCD) has its origins in the mid-nineteenth century under the leadership of the renowned educationalist John Henry Cardinal Newman. UCD Energy Institute examines key technical, social, and economic challenges in the integration of energy systems. The group leverages foundational expertise in electric power systems to support its diverse research portfolio spanning consumer behaviour, markets and policy, building energy use, renewable energy technologies, the energy-water nexus, and more. UCD Energy Institute engages in robust industry collaboration to execute a dynamic programme of global partnerships and research initiatives that promote enhanced energy performance as sustainably, reliably, and affordably as possible – a challenge across the world.

KU Leuven boasts a rich tradition of education and research that dates back six centuries. The university’s basic research orientation has always been and will remain fundamental research. At the same time, the university remains vigilantly open to contemporary cultural, economic and industrial realities, as well as to the community’s needs and expectations. KU Leuven conducts fundamental and applied research in all academic disciplines with a clear international orientation. The three pillars of KU Leuven include research, education and service to society. KU Leuven employs 8,084 researchers on its academic staff (2015). The unit ‘Energy and Environment’ from the division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion (TME) of the Department of Mechanical Engineering is engaged in the Spine project. The project fits within the core of the research group’s vision and relates to ongoing research activities (on energy systems modelling, renewables, and electricity markets), and builds on previous work. A major strength of this group is its interdisciplinary focus, covering technical, economic and policy aspects.

KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm is the largest and oldest technical university in Sweden. No less than one-third of Sweden’s technical research and engineering education capacity at university level is provided by KTH. Education and research spans from natural sciences to all branches of engineering and includes Architecture, Industrial Management and Urban Planning. There are a total of 12,400 full year students at first and second levels, almost 1,900 active research students and 5,100 employees. KTH Electrical Engineering conducts research and education in the fields of Electrical Engineering, Systems Engineering, Information and Communications Technology, Space, Fusion and Plasma Physics. The field of Electrical & Electronic Engineering at KTH is ranked #17 in the world by QS during 2016 (#16 during 2015). 450 people work in this creative and dynamic environment, out of which half are Ph.D. students, many from other countries. The department of Electric Power and Energy Systems' research and education covers all aspects of the electric power system including electricity markets, power generation, transmission and distribution, grid intelligence, automation and control as well as electric transportation, electric machines and power electronics.

Energy Reform is a consultancy firm specialising in modelling and simulation within the energy sector. Energy Reform was founded in 2011 and has specialist expertise in the development and use of energy system models both within research and industry. Energy Reform’s deep knowledge of commercial simulation tools combined with experience of developing research tools within a research environment is key within this project to developing a tool which is both highly usable but adaptable to a wide range of problems. Energy Reform brings specific expertise including experience in development and use of commercial modelling tools; carrying out large studies including the data management tasks and processes that this entails, and developing and using research oriented tools – including the need for flexibility and adaptability but within a controlled environment


Steering committee

Project co-ordinator
Juha Kiviluoma
(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland)
Terence O’Donnell (University College Dublin)
Erik Delarue (KU Leuven)
Lennart SŲder (KTH Royal Institute of Technology)
Jody Dillon (Energy Reform)
Clayton Barrows

Advisory board

Thomas Ackermann (Energynautics)
Andreas Zucker (Joint Research Centre)
Erik Ela/ Eamonn Lannoye
Asami Miketa (IRENA)
Antje Orths (
Hans Ravn (RAM-lÝse)
Uwe Remme (IEA)